home inspection checklist
- Roof: Replacing a roof is expensive and should never be left out of your home inspection checklist. Inspect for storm damage, cupping, curling, worn and missing shingles. How many layers?Plumbing vent pipe boot seals will split and crack around 14 years old. Don’t forget to get in the attic. Sometimes roof leaks are not bad enough to make it through the insulation to stain the ceilings.
- HVAC: Turn up thermostat. Check the age of furnace.Does it look old? Check the heat ex changer for cracks. Look at the burners for nice blue color. Is there any rust or debris build up? When the blower fan starts up is there any change in burner color or flame roll out? High efficiency or 90 % or better furnaces usually come with 10 year warranties to original owners. This gives you a good idea of when you can start to expect problems. The days of furnaces lasting 30 -40 years is a thing of the past. Older and less efficient furnaces will last longer than the newer high efficient ones due to lack of having the condensing secondary heat ex changer. Furnace heat ex changers can crack prematurely if there is not regular maintenance or the furnace was not sized correctly for the home. Turn down thermostat. Check age of A/C. Put your hand on the refrigerant line on outdoor unit. Is it getting cold? If not you could be low on refrigerant. A/C units life designed to 15-20 years. As with furnaces the older units last longer than the newer units.
- Electrical: Is the service 60 amp, 100 amp, or 200 amp.? Is there a breaker panel or fuses? Fuse panels are no longer acceptable with today’s standards. Knob and tube wiring? Look for handyman wiring. Open wire splices, extension cord wiring, discoveries like this can signal safety concerns.
- Plumbing: Make a note of all water stains in your home inspection checklist. Have these checked with a moisture meter when running water. Get in the crawl space and inspect the drain pipes, be sure to look at the sub flooring while you’re in there. Shower drain connections are prone to leaking.
- Structure: With foundation failure everything supported above will move. The most often asked question I get is about cracks. If the crack is less than 1/4 inch thick there is no structural integrity issues. If bigger you may have a problem.Settlement cracks are common and concrete often will crack during the curing process. Sticking doors and windows in one area can also point to foundation trouble.
This 5 point home inspection checklist doesn’t replace a professional home inspection but can help you while shopping for your next home. Avoid big surprises and call Certified for your home inspection needs. 765-965-7793