While each termite species thrives in different climates and eats different types of food, all termites need four things to survive – food, moisture, shelter and optimal temperature. Unfortunately, all homes, regardless of their construction type, can give these ideal conditions for termite infestation.
Did You Know?
Termites are one of the rare insect species that live in colonies consisting of an equal number of male and female, even in the soldier caste.
Approximately 2,300 species are known to exist on earth.
While a serious threat to wooden structures, termites are also beneficial. Their ability to digest cellulose helps these insects recycle the nutrient base of the planet.
Termites have existed for 250 million years.
In recorded history, termites have never developed resistance to any type of pesticide. Termites’ survival is due in part to the queen’s “royal taster system,” where the colony’s workers taste and process all food before it is fed to the queen.
Termite workers and soldiers are blind, which means they rely on their sense of touch and chemical signals to help them find food, moisture and shelter.
Termite Treatments in Indiana
Simply spraying swarmers or the surface of accessible infested wood kills the termites you see now, but it does not stop the infestation nor does it protect your house from further termite attacks. The most common type of termite treatment involves a “soil rodding technique” where a liquid insecticide (termiticide) is applied to the soil surrounding the foundation of your house. The most critical area needing treatment is the foundation walls. The soil is trenched or soil rodded every 12 inches. For houses with crawlspaces, the soil along the interior foundation wall will be treated at least within 4 feet of identified signs of termite activity. In some cases, the soil around supports (such as piers) underneath the house are also treated. In order to be effective, this treatment must extend down through the soil to the top of the foundation footer. When applied correctly, this treatment forms a continuous chemical barrier that should prevent termites from reaching the foundation and piers in your house. Current Indiana regulations also require drilling and treating of:
Concrete slabs that attach to the house, such as, a garage floor, or the slab of an earth-filled porch.
Masonry voids in foundation walls, piers, etc. within 4 feet of known termite activity.
The side walls of earth-filled porches within 3-feet of the foundation wall and any structural wood.
These specifications are the current minimum requirements for termites and treatment under state regulations